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Subsections


5.4 Glidein

Glidein is a mechanism by which one or more grid resources (remote machines) temporarily join a local Condor pool. The program condor_ glidein is used to add a machine to a Condor pool. During the period of time when the added resource is part of the local pool, the resource is visible to users of the pool. But, by default, the resource is only available for use by the user that added the resource to the pool.

After glidein, the user may submit jobs for execution on the added resource the same way that all Condor jobs are submitted. To force a submitted job to run on the added resource, the submit description file could contain a requirement that the job run specifically on the added resource.

5.4.1 What condor_ glidein Does

condor_ glidein works by installing and executing necessary Condor daemons and configuration on the remote resource, such that the resource reports to and joins the local pool. condor_ glidein accomplishes two separate tasks towards having a remote grid resource join the local Condor pool. They are the set up task and the execution task.

The set up task generates necessary configuration files and locates proper platform-dependent binaries for the Condor daemons. A script is also generated that can be used during the execution task to invoke the proper Condor daemons. These files are copied to the remote resource as necessary. The configuration variable GLIDEIN_SERVER_URLS defines a list of locations from which the necessary binaries are obtained. Default values cause binaries to be downloaded from the UW site. See section 3.3.22 on page [*] for a full definition of this configuration variable.

When the files are correctly in place, the execution task starts the Condor daemons. condor_ glidein does this by submitting a Condor job to run under the grid universe. The job runs the condor_ master on the remote grid resource. The condor_ master invokes other daemons, which contact the local pool's condor_ collector to join the pool. The Condor daemons exit gracefully when no jobs run on the daemons for a preset period of time.

Here is an example of how a glidein resource appears, similar to how any other machine appears. The name has a slightly different form, in order to handle the possibility of multiple instances of glidein daemons inhabiting a multi-processor machine.

% condor_status | grep denal
7591386@denal LINUX       INTEL  Unclaimed  Idle       3.700  24064  0+00:06:35


5.4.2 Configuration Requirements in the Local Pool

As remote grid resources join the local pool, these resources must report to the local pool's condor_ collector daemon. Security demands that the local pool's condor_ collector list all hosts from which they will accept communication. Therefore, all remote grid resources accepted for glidein must be given HOSTALLOW_WRITE permission. An expected way to do this is to modify the empty variable (within the sample configuration file) GLIDEIN_SITES to list all remote grid resources accepted for glidein. The list is a space or comma separated list of hosts. This list is then given the proper permissions by an additional redefinition of the HOSTALLOW_WRITE configuration variable, to also include the list of hosts as in the following example.

GLIDEIN_SITES = A.example.com, B.example.com, C.example.com
HOSTALLOW_WRITE = $(HOSTALLOW_WRITE) $(GLIDEIN_SITES)
Recall that for configuration file changes to take effect, condor_ reconfig must be run.

If this configuration change to the security settings on the local Condor pool cannot be made, an additional Condor pool that utilizes personal Condor may be defined. The single machine pool may coexist with other instances of Condor. condor_ glidein is executed to have the remote grid resources join this personal Condor pool.

5.4.3 Running Jobs on the Remote Grid Resource After Glidein

Once the Globus resource has been added to the local Condor pool with condor_ glidein, job(s) may be submitted. To force a job to run on the Globus resource, specify that Globus resource as a machine requirement in the submit description file. Here is an example from within the submit description file that forces submission to the Globus resource denali.mcs.anl.gov:

      requirements = ( machine == "denali.mcs.anl.gov" ) \
         && FileSystemDomain != "" \
         && Arch != "" && OpSys != ""
This example requires that the job run only on denali.mcs.anl.gov, and it prevents Condor from inserting the file system domain, architecture, and operating system attributes as requirements in the matchmaking process. Condor must be told not to use the submission machine's attributes in those cases where the Globus resource's attributes do not match the submission machine's attributes and your job really is capable of running on the target machine. You may want to use Condor's file-transfer capabilities in order to copy input and output files back and forth between the submission and execution machine.
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Next: 5.5 Dynamic Deployment Up: 5. Grid Computing Previous: 5.3 The Grid Universe   Contents   Index
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